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Class 8

Class 8 : Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Basic Computer

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The CDs contain all the aspects of each topic in detail by textual explanation, experiments and relevant diagrams with clear and simple audio
List Of Chapters Covered
1. Set
a Basic ideas about sets - Introduction
b Subset, Proper and improper subsets and universal set
c Venn Diagrams
d Set operations with Venn-Diagrams
e Cardinality relations of sets
2. Number System in Different Bases
a Whole Numbers
b Decimal Numeration System
c Binary Number System
d Conversion of decimal numbers to binary numbers
e Conversion of binary numbers to decimal numbers
f Quinary number system
g Conversion of decimal numbers to quinary numbers
h Conversion of quinary numbers to decimal numbers
3. Integers
a Introduction
b Sign rules of addition of integers
c Laws of multiplication of integers
d Sign rules of multiplication and division of integers
e Simplification of integers
f Laws of addition of integers
4. Real Numbers System
a Rational Numbers - Review
b Terminating and non-terminating recurring decimals
c Irrational Numbers
d Real Numbers
e Scientific notation of numbers
f Introdcution of surds
g Addition and Subtraction of irrational numbers
h Multiplication and Division of irrational numbers
i Rationalisation
j Conjugate
5. Ration and Proportion
a Ratio - Introduction
b Compound ratio
c Proportion
d Types of Proportions
e Time and Work
f Unitary Method
6. Percent
a Percent - Introduction
a Fundamental operations of percent
7. Profit, Loss and Simple Interest
a Profit and Loss - Introduction
b Profit and Loss percent
c Calculation of S.P. when C.P. and profit or less percent are given
d Calculation of C.P. when S.P. and profit or less percent are given
e Discount and Discount Percent
f Value Addrd Tax (VAT)
g Simple Interest
h Formula of simple interest
8. Algebraic Expressions
a Polynomials
b Degree of Polynomial
c Evalution of Algebraic expressions
d Some special products and formulae - Review
9. Factorisation , H.C.F. and L.C.M.
a Factors and Factorisation - Introduction
b Highest Common Factor (HCF)
c Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)
d HCF of polynomial expressions
10. Equation and Inequality
a Equation and Inequality - Review
b Properties of inequality
c Graphs of linear inequalities
d Solution of inequalities in one variable
e Linear equations with one variable
f Solution of equation
g Linear equations with two variable
h Graph of linear equation
i Slope of straight line
j The standard form of equation of a straight line
k Intercepts of a straight line
l Simultaneous equations
m Methods of Solving simultaneous equtaions
n Application of simulataneous equations
o Quadratic equation - Introduciton
p Solution of quadratic equations
q Solving quadratic equations by factorisation method
11. Transformation
a Transformation - Introduction
b Reflection
c Reflection of geometrical figure using coordinates
d Rotation
e Rotation of geometrical figure using coordinates
f Displacement
g Displacement of geometrical figure using coordinates
12. Geometry : Angles
a Different pairs of angles
b Experimental verification of pair of angles formed by two intersecting lines
c Different pairs of angles made by a transversal with two straight lines
d Relation between pairs of angles made by a transversal with parallel lines
13. Geometry : Triangles
a Experimental verification of properties of trangles
b Congruent triangles
c Experimental on the conditions of congurency of triangles by constructions
d Conditions of congruency of triangles
e Similar trangles
f Conditions of similarity of triangles
14. Coordinates
a Coordinates - Review
b Pythagoras Theorem
c Pythagorean Triples
d Distance between two points
15. Geometry : Quadrilaterals and Regular Polygons
a Quadrilaterals - Review
b Some special types of Quadrilaterals
c Regular polygons
d Sum of the interior angles of polygon
e Sum of the exterior angles of polygon
16. Geometry : Construction
a Construction of rectangle
b Construction of regular polygons
17. Circle
a Perimeter of Circle
b Area of Circle
18. Area and Volume
a Area of plane figures
b Area of triangle
c Area of quadrilateral
d Solids and their nets
e Area of Solids
f Volumn of Solids
19. Laws of Indices
a Laws of Indices - Introduction
20. Rational Expressions
a Rational Expressions- Introduction
b Reduction of rational expressions to their lowest terms
c Multiplication of rational expressions
d Division of rational expressions
e Addition and Subtraction of rational expressions
21. Bearing and Scale Drawing
a Bearing - Introduction
b Scale Drawing - Introduction
22. Statistics
a Introduction
b Collection of Data
c Frequency Table
d Grouped and Continuous data
e Cumulative frequency table
f Graphical representation of data
g Measures of Central tendncy
h Arithmetic mean
i Median
j Quartiles
k Mode
l Range
The CDs contain all the aspects of each topic in detail by textual explanation, experiments and relevant diagrams with clear and simple audio
List Of Chapters Covered
1. Measurement
a Define Fundamental (basic) and derived units
b Identify measuring units of Mass, Weight and Time
c Define density and relatives density and write their formulas
d Explain why objects sink and float based on density
e Solve the simple numerical problems of density
2. Velocity and Acceleration
a Explain the average velocity and relative velocity
b Define the acceleration and retardation
c Write the equations related to velocity and acceleration and to apply them
d Solve the simple numerical problems related to the velocity and acceleration
3. Simple Machine
a Define a lever and explain the working Principal of a lever.
b Introduction mechanical advantage (MA), velocity ration (VR) and effciency with giving the example of a lever.
c Solve the simple numerical problems of Mechanical Advantages (MA), Velocity Ratio (VR) and effciency related to a lever
4. Pressure
a Define Pressure, Atmospheric Pressure and explain its importance
b Define Liquid Pressure
c Derive the formula of the liquid pressure and to solve its simple numerical problem
5. Work, Energy and Power
a Say the relation and differences among energy, work and power
b Explain the simple transformation of energy and demonstrate it
c write the formula of energy, work and power and solve simple numerical problems
6. Heat
a Define heat and temperature, and show their relations
b state the method on how to establish relation of different temperature units (Celsius, Fahrenheit)
c Show the relation of different temperature units and do a simple conversion
d Explain the structure and working of a simple thermometer and a clinical thermometer
7. Light
a Define a mirror and its types ( Plain mirror and spherical mirror) and demonstrate the reflection from a spherical mirror
b define and demonstrate real and virtual images
c explain the uses of spherical mirror
8. Sound
a Define the terms related to sound ( Velocity, Frequency and Weblength).
b Define the differentitate an echo and reverberation and state their effects
9. Magnet
a Explain the molecular theory of magnetism
b Define, Explain and Demonstrate the Magnetism induction
10. Electricity
a Explain the general structure and application of a simple cell and a dry cell
b Define the house wiring system and its devices
c state the definition of a fuse and MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker)
The CDs contain all the aspects of each topic in detail by textual explanation, experiments and relevant diagrams with clear and simple audio
List Of Chapters Covered
1. Matter
a State the characteristics of elecrons, protons and neutrons after showing the atomic structure.
b Give the simple definition of the periodic table
c Define the valency and find out the valency at first 20 elements after observing their elecronic configuration
d Define atomic weight and atomic number and calculate the number of electrons, protons and neutrons based on atomic weight and atomic number.
e Define molecular weight and its calculation
f Define chemical reaction and chemical equation and write some simple reactions in words and formula
2. Mixture
a Define and demonstrate the distillation and chromatography for the separation of mixtures
3. Metal and Non-Metal
a Separate the elements of the perodic table in metals and non-metals
b Give the defination, Physical properties and uses of some commonly used metals and non-metals (gold, silver, iron, copper, aluminium and carbon)
4. Some Useful Chemicals
a Explain the characteristics of water along with the defination of soft and hard water as well as their separation
b Name the type of hard water and explain and demonstrate the simple methods to separate hardness of water (boiling and adding washing soda)
5. Acid, Base and Salt
a Define Acid, Base and Salt along with their characteristics and uses
b Give a simple definition of indicators and separate acid, base and salt by using litmus paper.
c Make idicators from the petals of the flowers
d Give simple definition of the pH scale
The CDs contain all the aspects of each topic in detail by textual explanation, experiments and relevant diagrams with clear and simple audio
List Of Chapters Covered
1. Living Beings
a Give a simple definition of some micro-organisms (bacteria, virus and fungi)
b Explain the structure and function of the modified parts of plants (roots, stem and leaves)
c Explain the methods for the dispersal of seeds
d Explain and demonstrate the conditions (air, water and temperture) required for the germination of seeds
e demonstrate the structure of a seed and explain the function of its different parts.
f demonstrate and explain the life-cycle of a flowering plant
2. Cell and Tissue
a Explain the inter-relationship of cells, tissues and organs
b Define and explain the epithelial tissues in animals and meristematic tissues in plants
c Explain the inter-relationship of cells, tissues and organs in the human body.
3. Life Process
a Explain the asexual and sexual reproduction in plants and animals
b define and explain the processsof blood circulatory system in a human body
c Define and experiment the process of photosythesis in plants
The CDs contain all the aspects of each topic in detail by textual explanation, experiments and relevant diagrams with clear and simple audio
List Of Chapters Covered
1. Structure of the Earth
a Define Ores, Say their physical properties and explain their uses.
b Give a simple definition for the same Ores found in Nepal( Iron, Copper, Lead, Lime stone, Graphite and zinc)
c Explain the process of soil formation and make the soil profile of the local soil.
d Explain the activity of soil erosion and soil depositions well as methods of soil conservation.
2. Weather and Climate
a Define Climate and explain the factors affecting it.
b simple information about the Climate of Nepal
c Explain the formationof monsson. Monsson coming in Nepal and effects due to monsson.
3. The Earth and The Space
a origin of the Earth
b change in position of the sun and the earth in different seasons
c phases of the moon.
The CDs contain all the aspects of each topic in detail by textual explanation, experiments and relevant diagrams with clear and simple audio
List Of Chapters Covered
1. Introduction to Computer
Module Introduction Module Objectives What is a Computer?
Applications of Computers Applications of Computers: Home Applications of Computers: Small Business
Applications of Computers: Others Activity Topic: Parts of a Computer
Activity: Parts of the Human Body Basic Parts of a Computer Input Devices
Output Devices Output Devices: Monitor Output Devices: Speakers
Output Devices: Printer Central Processing Unit Memory
Types of Memory: Volatility Types of Memory: Type of Access Types of Memory: Activity
Types of Storage Media Activity Practical
Activity How Does a Computer Work? Data Measurement
Working of a Computer Fetch Decode
Execute Writeback Hardware and Software
Computer Software Practical Assessment/Sequencing/Practical
Types of Computers Practical Module Summary
2. Email
Module Introduction Module Objectives What Is Electronic mail?
Electronic mail Types of mail servers Opening a Gmail Account
Mailbox E-mail Addressing Using E-Mails
Configuring Microsoft Outlook Viewing an E-Mail Message: Outlook Viewing an E-mail Message: Web-based
Viewing an E-Mail Message: Outlook Viewing an E-mail Message: Web-based Sending an E-Mail Message
Sending an E-Mail Message Organizing and Saving E-Mail Organizing E-Mail: Gmail
Sending the Same Message to Different Users Document Handling Attaching a file to an e-mail
Attaching Pictures Attaching Enclosures Sending a Portion of a Document
Ending an E-Mail Session E-Mail: Things to Remember E-Mail Best Practices
3. Introduction to Windows
Module Introduction Module Objectives What is an operating system?
Types of OS Examples of OS Desktop features
Match the following User Interface Using the Windows Interface
Windows Settings Activity Advanced Windows
Advanced Windows: Mouse Functions Creating Shortcuts Creating a Shortcut
Basics of Windows Set Up Windows Set Up Windows Accessories
Other Accessories Notepad: The Basics Module Summary
4. Internet
Module Introduction Module Objectives Lesson Introduction: Networks
Computer Networks How Are Computers Linked in a Network? Network Types: Architecture
Types of Networks Based on Scale Differences between LAN and WAN Other Networks
Wireless LAN Interactivity Introduction to the Internet
History of the Internet How Does the Internet Work? Activity
The Internet Connecting to the Internet Accessing the Internet
Applications of the Internet Services on the Internet World Wide Web
E-mail Sending and Receiving E-Mails E-Mail Features
Communication on the Internet Chat Newsgroups, Discussion Groups and Forums
Blogs VOIP Social Networking Services
Module Summary
5. Basic DOS commands
Module Objectives What Is DOS? Differences Between Windows and DOS
Switching Between the Command Prompt and Windows Basic DOS Commands Launching a DOS Window
File/Directory Manipulations CD command MD command
Copying of Files and Disks Copying Files to a Disk Deleting Files and Folders
Advanced MS-DOS Commands Module Summary
6. Elements of Word Processing
Starting Word 2007 Using Word Help Opening New Document Dialog Box
Creating a Blank Document Saving a Document Closing a Document
Creating a Document Using a Template Exiting Microsoft Word Application Opening an Existing Document
Modifying Background Color of an Existing Document Setting Page Set Up Properties Inserting a Page Break
Inserting a Column Break Saving Existing Document with a Different Name Saving Existing Document as a Template
Saving Existing Document as a Web Page Using Copy and Paste Working with Office Clipboard
Using Paste Special option Using Find and Replace options Using Go to option
Working with Fonts Working with Paragraph Settings Working with Style and Formatting
Working with Bullets Working with Borders and Shading Working with Columns
Using the Drop Cap Using the Change Case option Inserting Page Number in a Document
Inserting Date and Time in a Document Inserting Symbol in a Document Inserting Comment in a Document
Inserting Picture in a Document Inserting Diagram in a Document Inserting another Document File in an Existing Document
Inserting Object Creating a Hyperlink Creating a Table
Using the AutoFit Merging cells in a Table Converting Simple Text into a Table
Sorting Contents of a Table Using the Split Cells option Using the Split Table option
Perform calculations in a Table Working with Table AutoFormat
7. Making Small Presentation
Starting Powerpoint 2007 Working with a Blank Presentation Working with an Existing Presentation
Creating a New Slide Customizing Your Slide Layout Using a Design Template
Entering Text on a Slide Formatting Text Using Spellings Checker
Working with Bullets and Numbering Using Speaker Notes Working with SmartArt Graphics
Working with WordArt Inserting a Photo Resizing and Rotating a photo
Formatting a Photo Working with Clip Art Inserting a Table
Entering Table Data Formatting Tables Inserting a Word or Excel Chart
Inserting a Chart Inserting Shapes Drawing Shapes
Using 3D Effects Working with Fill & Line Color Aligning and Grouping Shapes
Using Quick Styles Using Theme Colors Modifying Theme Fonts
Working with Theme Effects Creating a Background Applying Quick Styles
Inserting Movies Managing Movie Action Inserting Audio Clips
Managing Audio Playback Working with Hyperlinks Applying a Transition to a Slide
Applying Animation to Text Applying Animation to an Object Animating a SmartArt Graphic
Creating a Custom Animation Sorting Slides Rehearsing a Show
Using Hidden Slides Creating Custom Shows
8. SpreadSheet
Starting Excel 2007 Using Excel Help Opening New Workbook Task Pane
Creating a Blank Workbook Creating a Workbook Using a Template Saving a Workbook
Closing a Workbook Exiting Microsoft Excel Application Inserting a New Worksheet in a Workbook
Inserting a Cell in a Worksheet Inserting a Row in a Worksheet Inserting a Column in a Worksheet
Deleting a Worksheet Setting Page Set Up Properties Saving Existing Workbook with a Different Name
Saving Existing Workbook as a Template Saving Existing Workbook as a Web Page Enabling Page break Preview
Setting Print Area Clear Print Area Printing a Worksheet
Modifying Cell Format Modifying Row Height Modifying Column Width
Hiding a Row Unhiding a Row Formatting a Worksheet Using AutoFormat
Inserting Header And Footer Creating a Manual Functions Using Predefined Functions
Using Data Validation Conditional Formatting Trace Precedents
Trace Dependents Remove All Arrows Grouping Data
Sorting Data Filter Lists Using AutoFilter Using Subtotals
Inserting a Chart Protecting a Workbook Sharing a Workbook
Checking Spellings Inserting Comments Creating a Hyperlink
The CDs contain all the aspects of each topic in detail by textual explanation, experiments and relevant diagrams with clear and simple audio



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